What Is An Energy Performance Certificate (EPC)?
An EPC is a document that provides information about a property’s energy efficiency. It rates the property on a scale of A-G, with A being the most energy-efficient and G being the least. The certificate also provides recommendations on how to improve the property’s energy efficiency and reach the highest potential rating, which can help reduce energy bills and carbon emissions. It looks at lighting, windows and walls for example
What Are The EPC Bandings?
The EPC bandings range from A-G, with A being the most energy-efficient and G being the least. The bandings are calculated based on the property’s energy efficiency, which takes into account its heating, lighting, and insulation.
How Is An EPC Calculated?
An EPC is calculated by an accredited energy assessor who visits the property and assesses its energy efficiency. The assessor will look at the property’s construction, insulation, heating system, and lighting. They will also take into account the property’s age, size, and location. The assessor uses score specified by the government (SAP standards). This is a big long document describing out how a certificate is determined. The assessor must take the following areas in to consideration:
- Type of property and age
- Construction materials
- Home insulation
- Wall thicknesses
- Heating systems & controls
- Hot water cylinder details
- Water cylinder insulation
- Secondary heating systems (if applicable)
- Floor construction
- Window glazing type
- Lighting, especially whether you are using energy-saving light bulbs
Factors That Affect EPC Ratings
Several factors can affect a property’s EPC rating, including its insulation, heating system efficiency, and use of renewable energy sources. A well-insulated property with an efficient heating system and renewable energy sources such as solar panels will typically have a higher EPC rating.
How Long Does An EPC Check Take?
An EPC check typically takes between 45 minutes to an hour, depending on the size and complexity of the property. The assessment involves a visual inspection of the property’s key features and systems.
Can You Fail An EPC Check?
For an existing building (that isn’t new build) there is no pass or fail for an EPC check. However, properties with a low EPC rating (below an E) may be more challenging to sell or rent out as they are less energy-efficient and more expensive to run.
How Long Are EPC Certificates Valid For?
EPC certificates are valid for ten years from the date of issue. After ten years, a new EPC assessment will be required.
How To Get An EPC Certificate?
To get an EPC certificate, you will need to contact an accredited energy assessor. You can find an energy assessor on the government’s register of accredited assessors. The energy assessor will assess your property’s energy efficiency and provide you with an EPC certificate.
When Is An EPC Not Required?
An EPC is not required for properties that are not intended to be sold or rented out. For example, if you are selling your primary residence, an EPC is not required. Similarly, if you are renting out a room in your home, you do not need an EPC certificate.
Are EPCs A Legal Requirement?
Yes, EPCs are a legal requirement for all residential properties in the UK that are being sold or rented out. Failure to provide an EPC can result in a penalty.
What Is The Penalty For Not Having An EPC?
A seller and a landlord can be fined £200 if an EPC is not made available when selling or looking to rent a property. If a landlord rents out a property with an EPC rating of below an E they can also be fined. Fines for renting out a property with an EPC rating of below an E can be up to £5,000 and a landlord would not be able to issue a section 21 eviction notice, which is also the case if an EPC certificate is not given to the tenant.
Does The EPC Rating Affect House Prices?
The EPC rating can affect a property’s value and saleability. A property with a higher EPC rating is typically more desirable, as it is more energy-efficient and cheaper to run.
Does The EPC Rating Affect Energy Bills?
It is essential to consider the EPC rating when purchasing or renting a property, as it can have a significant effect on energy bills.. By improving the energy efficiency of a property, it is possible to reduce energy bills and help to protect the environment. These steps can include upgrading insulation, installing a more efficient heating system, or using energy-efficient lighting.
The EPC rating will not determine the level of charges from the properties utility provider.
Who Pays For An EPC Certificate?
The landlord or seller of the property is responsible for paying for the EPC certificate. However, some agents will include the cost of the EPC in their overall fees.
In conclusion, if you are a landlord looking to sell or rent out your residential property, you will need to obtain an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC). The EPC rates the property’s energy efficiency on a scale of A-G and provides recommendations on how to improve its energy efficiency. The EPC is a legal requirement for all residential properties in the UK that are being sold or rented out, and failure to provide one can result in a penalty. A property with a higher EPC rating is typically more desirable, as it is more energy-efficient and cheaper to run, which can result in lower energy bills.